Services for scientists
EMSO aims to provide a new kind of large-scale infrastructure able to spur multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary investigation of deep ocean processes related to marine ecosystems, climate change and marine geo-hazards, and as such address key gaps in ocean monitoring through continuous observations. Such fixed-point observations significantly enhance the marine environmental research capabilities of European Member States and increase the potential for adequately responding to major challenges related to environmental changes.
The power of EMSO ERIC is in its distributed nature, connecting research facilities across the oceans of Europe, from the Arctic through the North Atlantic to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The observatory facilities allow for continuous monitoring of processes at a large scale. EMSO ERIC contributes to a growing set of ocean observatories globally through various national and international efforts.
- Geosciences (interactions of geosphere with hydrosphere and biosphere, fluid flow and gas seepage through sediments and vents, gas hydrate dynamics, non-living resources, sediment transfer to the deep-sea, elemental cycling and links to climate change);
- Geo-hazards (earthquake and tsunami hazards, volcanic hazards, slope instability and failure, gas hydrate release);
- Physical oceanography (water mass characterization, currents and mixing, thermodynamics, ice cover, climatology, and links to climate change);
- Biogeochemistry (global carbon cycle and elemental cycling within the ocean through both physical and biological processes, and climate feedbacks);
- Marine ecology (distribution and abundance of sea life, ocean productivity, biodiversity, ecosystem function, living resources, carbon cycling and climate feedbacks).